You can download lists of each of the awards at the pages linked as well as learn more about their criteria.
Caldecott Medal: awarded annually by the Association for Library Service to Children to the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children.
Newbery Medal: awarded annually by the Association for Library Service to Children to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children.
Geisel Award: given annually (beginning in 2006) to the author(s) and illustrator(s) of the most distinguished contribution to the body of American children’s literature known as beginning reader books published in the United States during the preceding year.
Pura Belpré Award: presented to a Latino/Latina writer and illustrator whose work best portrays, affirms, and celebrates the Latino cultural experience in an outstanding work of literature for children and youth.
Sibert Award: honors the most distinguished informational book published in English in the preceding year for its significant contribution to children’s literature.
Coretta Scott King Book Awards: annually recognize outstanding books for young adults and children by African American authors and illustrators that reflect the African American experience. Further, the Award encourages the artistic expression of the black experience via literature and the graphic arts in biographical, social, and historical treatments by African American authors and illustrators.
Stonewall Book Awards: are presented to English language books that have exceptional merit relating to the LGBTQIA+ experience.
Mildred L. Batchelder Award: is a citation awarded to an American publisher for a children’s book considered to be the most outstanding of those books originally published in a foreign language in a foreign country, and subsequently translated into English and published in the United States.
Notable Children’s Books: Each year the Association for Library Service to Children (ALSC) identifies the best of the best of children’s books on the Notable Children’s Books list.
Orientation: the size and shape of the book, a landscape orientation has shorter height than width, a portrait orientation has a shorter width than height
Dust jack: the cover that goes around a hardback, cover of the book
Endpapers: the pages glued to the inside of the cover of a hardback, they often feature elements of the story that add to the understanding of that story, paperbacks sometimes feature them as the first and last bound pages
Front matter: the cover, title page, copyright page, dedications, etc.
Second story: these are stories that are not written into the the text of the story, but are seen in the illustrations
Gutter: the split between the right and left pages
Air frames: the white space around the illustrations
Typography: the fonts as well as how they are presented on the page
Single- and double-page spreads
Also think about how time is shown progressing in illustrations
Holiday House I Like to Read series (I don’t know why this is the Kindle editions, but you can use it to find the paperbacks; see here for the reading levels of each title- remember A, B, and C are the absolute easiest)
“We’re comfortable with the idea of a child’s verbal intelligence growing with and by means of literature. But we tend to take visual intelligence for granted…We know there is value in the intelligence of the eye, we have big museums dedicated to it, but we’re not sure how to teach it. How do you teach color, form, line? You do it the same way you do words and sentences and ideas, by slowly increasing the level of complexity, depth and multi-layeredness.” -Chris Raschka